Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can induce both chronic and acute hepatitis, varying in seriousness from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, life long illness.
What is Hepatitis C
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Internationally, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A substantial number of those who are chronically infected will acquire cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, normally from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medications can cure in excess of 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, consequently reducing the chance of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but easy access to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at the moment no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is continuing.
Acute vs Chronic Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is typically asymptomatic, and is only very almost never (if ever) associated with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will cultivate chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your biggest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this painstaking, supersized organ is vulnerable to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver
NAFLD is defined as the appearance of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most prevalent liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can lead to an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. website NASH can trigger scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking too much alcohol can cause fat escalation in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main culprit is surplus weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is connected with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a frequent diet of more highly processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, in conjunction with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. But still, she adds that some individuals with fatty livers have none of these risk variables, which implies that genes can play an important role.
Developing healthy eating habits isn't as complex or as restrictive as many individuals imagine. The on sale fundamental steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Begin on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.